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SAT語法句子改錯練習1

2019-10-16 09:16

來源:新東方在線

作者:

  1.The choreographer Katherine Dunham having trained as an anthropologist,she studied dance in Jamaica,Haiti,and Senegal.

  Katherine Dunham,who was also a trained antropologist,studied

  點評:K是一個編舞家,同時又學過人類學。所以用…also…結構。同時K作為主語,通常放在句首,后接一個句,再接謂語。在描述某人時正確語序經常如此。

  2. Weight training was begun by the girl to enhance her strength and flexibility.

  The girl had begun the exercise of weight training to enhance

  點評:搭配不當。因該是”begin exercise” 放入句中,用過去完成時。同時注意主語最好放在句首,一般勿倒裝。

  3.One of the most common types of mistakes that inexperienced drivers make is failing to signal for a lane change;another one that occurs about as frequently is exceeding posted speed limits.

  點評:Right! 首先,檢查主謂一致性,無誤。由于前面是一個句子,后面也是一個句子,為避免Run-on,應用分好隔開(兩句無因果關系)。同時注意”another” 和”another one”用法。

  4. Although talent may be a crucial element on the road to fame,it is difficult to succeed without a highly developed work ethic.

  without a highly developed work ethic,succeeding is difficult.

  點評:目前不知道為何這樣改,大家研究一下。但又數個同類型題都如此,經驗就是形如 “Although…另一個東西也必要”后一定要按意思屆一個“without”而不用“It is…”

  5.(常考題:轉折) Some taxpayers knowingly violate IRS regulations when filing their tax returnes,in other respects they are law-abiding citizens,however.

  Some taxpayers who are otherwise obedient citizens knowingly violate IRS regulations in their tax returns.

  點評:首先注意意思,應為:盡管一批人在其它方面守法,但在某一方面卻知法犯法。最好將主句放在最前,用順敘。這個極重要,因為可以看出在許多題中順敘比倒裝好。

  6. Although my alarm clock did not go off,causing me to arrive no more than ten minutes late.

  it did not cause me to arrive more

  點評:對于這種“Although…”的形式,幾乎所有正確答案都將逗號后的句子的主語放在前面,組成一個順敘句。

  7. Eating foods rich in carbohydrates before a race is common among marathon runners,all of them need reliable energy sources for peak performance

  of whom need

  點評:注意主語

  8.Los Angeles’s freeways,usually busier and more crowded than those of other cities,are clogged almost twenty four hours a day,contributing to the city’s pollution problem.

  Right!

  點評: 首先,無論指代,主謂還是時態,本句沒有問題,且又是順敘,直接用“Los Angeles’s freeways”而不用“the freeways of Los Angeles”,所以是正確的。

  9.(常考題:修辭對象)Set in the sixteenth century,modern audiences enjoyed the contemporary opera Galileo Galilei written by Philip Glass.

  century,Philip Glass’s contemporary opera Galileo Galilei has enjoyed great success with modern audiences.

  點評:注意形容的對象和形容的部分要相鄰為好,同時注意順敘,用“Philip Glass’s contemporary opera”而不是“the contemporary opera Galileo Galilei written by Philip Glass.”

  10. Whenever television is denounced by viewers for its violence, they call on the department of standard and practice to take action.

  Whenever viewers denounce television for its violence,they call

  點評: 這樣改使句子十分完整,誰“denounce”?是“viewers”,且viewers call…for practice. 同時還是要強調順敘,不要用被動態。主語為“viewers”而不是“television”

  11. Toward the end of the 1990s,it became clear that Internet-based companies were overvalued in the stock market,since such is the case,their stock prices have dropped considerably in recent years.

  and consequently their stock prices have dropped considerabley in recent years

  點評:這一類語句表因果。很多錯誤選項都在后面屆一個句子并以“because of that”,“as a result”,“for this reason”。其實都不對。直接用“consequently”順接表結果。 像“as result”一般中間應用分號隔開。

  12. (常考題:轉折) Abraham Lincoln is frequently lauded as a successful politician,and his early political career was dominated by a string of lost elections.

  Although Abraham Lincoln is frequently lauded as a successful politician,

  點評:這一類語句表轉折,故要有轉折詞。“however”一般前有分號或后用逗號相聯系(句首除外)。 “Inasmuch”太繁。故常用Although,用逗號和下半句相連。

  13.The romance between Yum-Yum and Nanki-Poo accounts for the lasting appeal of the Mikcado,as do Gilbert and Sulliran’s singable tunes and clever lyrics to…

  accounts for the lasting appeal of the Mikado,as do

  點評:動詞用復數形式。

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